Mihajlo Cekic (Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Bonn)

The Analysis and PDE seminar will take place Monday, March 19, in 740 Evans from 4:10 to 5pm.

Title: Calderon problem for Yang-Mills connections

Abstract: In the classical Calderon conjecture we want to recover a metric on a compact manifold, up to diffeomorphism fixing the boundary, from the Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DN) map of the metric Laplacian. This problem is routinely motivated by applications and is open in dimension 3 and higher. In this talk, we fix the metric and consider the DN map of the connection Laplacian for Yang-Mills connections. We sketch the proof of uniqueness up to gauges fixing the boundary for smooth line bundles. The proof uses new techniques, involving unique continuation principles for degenerate elliptic equations and an analysis of the zero set of solutions to an elliptic PDE. Time permitting, we will also discuss some (counter) examples concerning zero sets of determinants of matrix solutions to elliptic PDE.

Aleksandr Logunov (IAS)

The Analysis and PDE seminar will take place Monday, March 5, in 740 Evans from 4:10 to 5pm.

Title: Several questions on Laplace eigenfunctions

Abstract: Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. We are interested in asymptotic properties of Laplace eigenfunctions on $M$ as the eigenvalue $\lambda$ tends to infinity. The advances of the last few years will be discussed and a survey of interesting open questions will be given.

Alexis Drouot (Columbia University)

The Analysis and PDE seminar will take place Monday, February 12, in 740 Evans from 4:10 to 5 pm.

Title: Edge (resonant) states for 1D bi-periodic systems

Abstract: We study the bifurcation of Dirac points under the introduction of edges in certain periodic systems. For honeycomb Schrodinger operators, Fefferman, Lee-Thorp and Weinstein showed that if introducing the edge opens an essential spectral gap near the Dirac energy, then the perturbed operator has an edge-localized eigenstate. This state is associated to the topologically protected zero-mode of a Dirac operator, which emerges from a formal multiscale approach (one of the two scales being the size of the edge).

We consider 1D models where the introduction of a large edge does not necessarily open an essential spectral gap near the Dirac energy. We approach such systems with Fredholm analytic tools and show that Dirac points bifurcate to resonant states. When the edge perturbation happens to open an essential spectral gap, this improves a previous result of Fefferman–Lee-Thorp–Weinstein by (a) proving the validity of the multiscale approach; (b) relating each eigenvalue in the gap to an eigenvalue of the above Dirac operator; (c) deriving full expansions of the associated states.

Joint work with Michael Weinstein and Charles Fefferman.

András Vasy (Stanford)

The Analysis and PDE seminar will take place Monday, February 5, in 740 Evans from 4:10 to 5 pm.

Title: Fredholm theory and the resolvent of the Laplacian near zero energy on asymptotically conic spaces

Abstract: We consider geometric generalizations of Euclidean low energy resolvent estimates, such as estimates for the resolvent of the Euclidean Laplacian plus a decaying potential, in a Fredholm framework. More precisely, the setting is that of perturbations $P(\sigma)$ of the spectral family of the Laplacian $\Delta_g-\sigma^2$ on asymptotically conic spaces $(X,g)$ of dimension at least $3$, and the main result is uniform estimates for $P(\sigma)^{-1}$ as $\sigma\to 0$ on microlocal variable order spaces under an assumption on the nullspace of $P(0)$ on the appropriate function space (which in the Euclidean case translates to $0$ not being an $L^2$-eigenvalue or having a half-bound state). These spaces capture the limiting absorption principle for $\sigma\neq 0$ in a lossless, in terms of decay, manner.

Semyon Dyatlov (UC Berkeley)

The Analysis and PDE seminar will take place Monday, January 29, in 740 Evans from 4:10 to 5 pm.

Title: Fourier dimension for limit sets

Abstract: For a finite measure $\mu$ on the real line, its Fourier dimension is defined using the rate of polynomial decay of the Fourier transform $\hat \mu$. The Fourier dimension of $\mu$ may be much smaller than the Hausdorff dimension of the support of $\mu$: a classical example is the Cantor measure on the mid-third Cantor set which has Fourier dimension equal to 0.

I will present a joint result with J. Bourgain showing that the Patterson-Sullivan measure on the limit set of a convex co-compact group of fractional linear transformations has positive Fourier dimension. The proof uses advanced tools from additive combinatorics (the discretized sum-product theorem) and exploits the fact that fractional linear transformations are (generally) not linear. An application is a new spectral gap result for convex co-compact hyperbolic surfaces.

Jeffrey Galkowski (Stanford)

The Analysis and PDE seminar will take place Monday, January 15, in 740 Evans from 4:10 to 5pm.

Title: Concentration of eigenfunctions: Averages and Sup-norms

Abstract: In this talk, we relate microlocal concentration of eigenfunctions to sup-norms and sub-manifold averages. In particular, we characterize the microlocal concentration of eigenfunctions with maximal sup-norm and average growth. We then exploit this characterization to derive geometric conditions under which maximal growth cannot occur. This talk is based on joint works with Yaiza Canzani and John Toth.

Brian Krummel (UC Berkeley)

The Analysis and PDE seminar will take place on Monday, November 27, from 4:10 to 5pm, in 740 Evans.

Title: Fine properties of Dirichlet energy minimizing multi-valued functions

Abstract: I will discuss the fine structure of the branch set of multivalued Dirichlet energy minimizing functions as developed by Almgren. It is well-known that the dimension of the interior singular set of a Dirichlet energy minimizing function on an $n$-dimensional domain is at most $n-2$. We show that the singular set is countably $(n-2)$-rectifiable and also prove the uniqueness of homogeneous tangent functions at almost every singular point. Our approach involves adapting a “blow up” method due to Leon Simon, which was originally applied to multiplicity one classes of minimal submanifolds. We apply Simon’s method in the higher multiplicity setting of multivalued energy minimizers using techniques from prior work of Neshan Wickramasekera together with new estimates. This is joint work with Neshan Wickramasekera.

Daniel Tataru (UC Berkeley)

The Analysis and PDE seminar will take place Monday, October 30, in 740 Evans from 4:10 to 5pm.

Title: Inverse scattering and the Davey-Stewartson II equation

Abstract: The aim of this talk is to describe a complete implementation of the inverse scattering approach to the study of the defocusing Davey-Stewartson equation.
This will involve dispersive quations, dbar pde’s, microlocal analysis and other fun stuff. This is joint work with Adrian Nachman and Idan Regev.

Maciej Zworski (UC Berkeley)

The Analysis and PDE seminar will take place Monday, October 16, in 740 Evans from 4:10 to 5pm.

Title: Fractal uncertainty for transfer operators

Abstract: I will present a new explanation of the connection between
the fractal uncertainty principle
of Bourgain–Dyatlov, a statement in harmonic analysis, and the
existence of zero free strips for Selberg zeta functions, which is a
statement in geometric scattering/dynamical systems. The connection is
proved using (relatively) elementary methods via the Ruelle transfer
operator which is a well known object in thermodynamical formalism of
chaotic dynamics. (Joint work with S Dyatlov.)