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Configuring mutt for Calmail
mutt is a powerful command line mail client, capable of using IMAP. These instructions are not intended as a mutt tutorial, but for configuring mutt to use IMAP with Calmail.
The following rudimentary .muttrc file will allow you to get started. Replace LOGIN-NAME with your own login name on the Math systems.
# .muttrc # # GLOBAL # unset move set reply_to set sort=threads set sort_alias=alias set sort_aux=last-date-received set sort_browser=reverse-date # # SSL # set certificate_file="~/.mutt_certificates" # # MAILBOXES # mailboxes imap://LOGIN-NAME@firstname.lastname@example.org mailboxes imap://LOGIN-NAME@mail.math.berkeley.edu/ # # KEYS BINDINGS # bind index <up> previous-entry bind index <down> next-entry bind index <delete> delete-message bind pager <left> exit bind pager <right> view-attachments bind attach <left> exit bind attach <right> view-attach bind pager G bottom # just like vi and less bind attach <enter> view-attach bind attach <return> view-attach bind compose <enter> send-message bind compose <return> send-message bind index <enter> display-message bind index <return> display-message bind pager <enter> next-line bind pager <return> next-line
This section is primarily intended for those who already use mutt. In order to use mutt with Calmail, you'll need to configure some settings in your .muttrc file. Each of the following sections contains commands which should be added to your .muttrc file. For a complete, working example, take a look at the muttrc file in ~steve/.mutt, which sources several other files in that directory.
## SSL # set ssl_starttls set certificate_file="~/.mutt/certificates" set ssl_usesystemcerts set entropy_file="/dev/random" set ssl_use_sslv2 set ssl_use_sslv3 set ssl_use_tlsv1
## IMAP # unset imap_authenticators set imap_delim_chars="/." set imap_keepalive=600 unset imap_list_subscribed unset imap_pass set imap_passive set imap_peek set imap_servernoise set imap_user=""
## MAILBOXES # mailboxes imap://email@example.com@calmail.berkeley.edu/ mailboxes imap://firstname.lastname@example.org@calmail.berkeley.edu/consult mailboxes imap://email@example.com@calmail.berkeley.edu/daemon mailboxes imap://firstname.lastname@example.org@calmail.berkeley.edu/admin mailboxes imap://email@example.com@calmail.berkeley.edu/cfengine mailboxes imap://firstname.lastname@example.org@calmail.berkeley.edu/cron mailboxes imap://email@example.com@calmail.berkeley.edu/lscr mailboxes imap://firstname.lastname@example.org@calmail.berkeley.edu/ucb-sysadmin mailboxes imap://email@example.com/
--Steve Sizemore - Unix System Manager 20:09, 24 March 2009 (UTC)
Note: mutt will be unable to save your ssl certificate if any directory in the
variable does not exist. Make sure to create this directory or use a file in your home directory.
folder, spoolfile, and additional mailboxes
In addition to your INBOX, you can create new folders on the calmail server. Some mailboxes, such as "Sent", the sent mail folder, are created by default. To get at a mailbox named MAILBOXNAME, use a URL of the form
For example, to get mutt to write outgoing messages to your calmail sent mailbox, you can add
set copy=yes set record=imap://LOGIN-NAME@firstname.lastname@example.org/Sent
to your muttrc.
To make it easy to browse through your calmail mailboxes, you may wish to add a line of the form
to your muttrc. Following the instructions below will then bring up a menu containing all of your mailboxes on the calmail server.
To make mutt open your calmail INBOX by default, add a line of the form
If you change either of the $folder or $spoolfile variables in this fashion, and you have only one mailbox with incoming mail, then the only point of including a mailboxes command is to tell mutt where to check for incoming mail. By default, mutt will check any open mailbox for new mail every 10 minutes anyway, so the mailboxes command is unnecessary for such users. However, if the mailboxes command is omitted, then it is probably a good idea to tell mutt to check for new mail more often, say every 15 seconds, by adding
to your muttrc.
Using mutt with the new configuration
After you have placed a line of the form
in your .muttrc file you can access your inbox in the following steps:
- Press 'c' to change your mailbox.
- Hit tab to bring up a menu containing your IMAP mailboxes. You may have to hit tab more than once.
- Select your mailbox from the menu, and follow the prompts to login.
If you also added a line of the form
then you will be able to access your old math mailbox in the same fashion. No new email will arrive here, so you might want to remove this line after you have copied all old mail to the new mailbox.
These instructions will also work if you changed the $folder variable as above. If you changed the $spoolfile variable as above, then your INBOX will open by default.